Land Development Department (LDD) under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives is the main organization in Thailand responsible for soil survey and soil mapping, land improvement and land use planning. Therefore, LDD has established a pragmatic, effective and integrated land use plan respecting to the sustainable and sufficient utilization of natural resources in different levels including district, sub-district, watershed, sub-watershed and highland in the north of the country.
The land use plan was prepared to assist decision makers, planners and local administration officers to manage land resources in an integrated manner, in order to achieve better and sustainable land management, to coordinate land and water resources development activities with the development activities of other sector. Also, the plan is intended to serve as a reference for planners and practicing professionals working in other sectors when dealing with land resource-related development projects. There are different land use plan completed by LDD, as shown below.
Integrated watershed management has come to be recognized as an important holistic approach to natural resources management, which seeks to promote the concept of sustainable development. In that context, sustainable land use forms an overall planning framework, whilst sound land-use planning concepts, together with the adoption of appropriate land-use practices, provide key guidelines for land resources development and management, which should be undertaken with the integrated objectives of reducing natural disasters, boosting productivity and achieving sustainable development.Sound land-use planning methods and practices can be developed from an end-use standpoint, such as social and economic development of national or regional planning, or from a sectoral point of view, i.e. in the context of development planning for various sectors such as agriculture, forestry, mining and water resources.
Sub-watershed landuse plan is prepared to assist decision maker, planner and plan implementers to manage land and related resources in an integrated manner, in order to achieve better and sustainable watershed management, to coordinate land resource development with other activities of other sector. It is also intended to serve as a reference for planners and practicing professionals working in other sectors when dealing with watershed-related development projects.
The land use plan of 37 sub-watersheds in Khong river basin have been completed since 2000 by Land Development Department (LDD). Moreover, LDD has planned to complete the sub-watershed land use plan for the whole country in year 2016. Completed plans for sub-watershed landuse planning includes;Kok watershed, Wang watershed, Mun watershed, Khong watershed, Tapee watershed, TalesapSongkla watershed, Salawin watershed, Pasak watershed, etc.